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September 2015
Volume 1  Issue 1
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Perspectives

An Interdisciplinary Approach in Forensic Sciences: Etiology, Methodologies and Importance of Forensic Linguistics

Luciano Romito*, Maria Assunta Ciardullo

This paper aims at inscribing Forensic Linguistics within the variegate field of Forensic sciences. After a deep and meticulous description of the state of art of Forensic Linguistics from 1960s until now, we propose all of the methodologies, concerning both the written and the oral facies of this linguistic discipline applied to Forensic field, and so we focused on methods used in transcriptions and in Speaker and Speech Recognition analyses. Then, the discussion outlined the importance for Forensic Linguistics to be considered as a proper scientific discipline: in this way, its methods and its results could be tested and replied by the scientific community, by verifying the uncontested principle of scientific cumulability.

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Perspectives

Identification of Molecular Biomarkers for Estimation of Postmortem Interval Using Blood Samples - A Pilot Study

Hyeyoung Lee*, Ji-Young Lee, Sunghyun Kim, Yeonim Choi,Yeun kim, Kiyoon Eom

Accurate estimation of the post-mortem interval (PMI) is an important research topic in forensic science. Unfortunately, all current methods to determine the time of death are unreliable in some way. The aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of blood samples and molecular biomarkers for the determination of PMI of a corpse. For this, diverse molecular markers such as human 18S rRNA and several mRNAs of housekeeping genes including ACTB, B2M, PPIA, GUSB, HPRT1, PGK1, RPLPO, TBP, TFRC in whole blood samples were analyzed in a time-dependent manner at  two temperature conditions, at 25°C and 4°C.

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 Perspectives

FIB/SEM Haemotaphonomy: Rbcs Identification in Unprepared Samples of Forensic Interest

Marziale Milani, Roberta Curia, Claudio Savoia

In our work we analyze through electron microscopy, based on FIB/SEM (Focused Ion Beam/Scanning Electron Microscope), the haemotaphonomy of different blood samples set on diverse substrates. Our aim is to show new electron and ion microscopy techniques through which it is possible to observe non-treated and non-prepared blood samples. This approach can be of use in activities where samples are nor treated and at times neither well conserved, as in the archeological field, and in forensic researches where samples ought not to be contaminated and need to be preserved in the event of further counter analyses.

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Perspectives

Familial Thoughts on Life Extension Treatments in Elderly Patients with Dementia

Kazuaki Nishio*, Hideaki Tachibana

The number of people living with dementia worldwide is currently estimated at 35.6 million. This number will double by 2030 and more than triple by 2050. Dementia is overwhelming not only for the people who have it, but also for their caregivers and families. Aging of population is wide and important issue in the world. Elderly retired people must care for one’s parents or life partner in their old age. Their income usually low and they have some diseases themselves.         

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Review Article

Forensic Dentistry in Disaster Victim Identification

Juan Manuel Vázquez Villa*, Pedro Arcos González, Rafael Castro Delgado

Victim identification in the aftermath of a disaster is a fundamental process for a number of medical and legal reasons. And it is also of utmost importance to reveal the identity of the human remains found, so they can be returned to their families and they can start the grieving process. Because millions of people move from place to place every day, it is increasingly likely that when a disaster occurs the people involved will be from different countries, which makes it essential to use the best identification techniques available.       

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